Research and Education on Environmental Management in China (funded by SAIL International, Delft)
Background of ENRICHChina is facing serious environmental problems due to the recent rapid economic development. Although the environmental problems are recognized by the central government, efforts to protect the environment and manage natural resources are only gradually catching up with economic and industrial growth.
China has to date mainly relied on technological end-of-pipe measures and a "command-and-control" approach to safeguard environmental quality. More advanced knowledge on new environmental governance models and environmental management strategies in an emerging market economy are lacking. In the policy-making and implementing institutions at the national and local levels, the institutional capacity, human resources and experience in advancing sustainable development are weak.
AIMS OF ENRICHThe ENRICH project (2001-2004), "Environmental Management in China", aims at strengthening China's knowledge, education capacity and policy institutions on environmental policy and management in a rapidly changing social-economic context. The project brings together experts from academic institutions in China and the Netherlands, and links to similar experiences, projects and universities in, among others, Thailand, Vietnam and Malaysia.
EDUCATION AND TRAINING
The educational component of ENRICH includes the development and implementation of Chinaís first Masterís degree in environmental policy and management at one of the countryís leading academic institutions: the Qinghua University. In addition, new courses are developed and given at the Bachelorís level, while short training courses are provided for professionals in the state bureaucracy.
Research focuses on cleaner production for the oil industry; information strategies for the environmental industry; environmental infrastructure management for cities and small townships; coastal zone management; and water pollution control policy. The research by senior academic staff and PhD candidates will be concentrated in Wenzhou and Hainan island.
STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONS AND HUMAN RESOURCES
The institutional strengthening of ENRICH caters to the hard and software of the Chinese counterparts. A total of five PhD candidates and eleven MSc students will obtain their degree in environmental policy and management from academic institutions in The Netherlands. ENRICH selects those promising and young people who are either working in the environmental field, or who explicitly intend to retain a position in an environmental institution. Apart from the "software", ENRICH funds the acquisition of advanced technological equipment and the strengthening of libraries and teaching facilities.
ENRICH also stimulates internationalization and academic exchange by extending fellowships to outstanding scholars, the facilitation of foreign experts visiting China, and the hosting of two international conferences in China. Through ERNASIA, the ENRICH project assists in the active dissemination of education and research material and experiences, via publications, internet and conferences.
THE COOPERATING PARTNERS
Arthur Mol (Project Director) and Peter Ho (Senior Program Officer)
Chen Jining (Project Manager) and Zhang Tianzhu
Wang Rusong and Ouyang Zhiyun, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences (RCEES), Beijing, 100080, China, tel. +86-10-62521032/fax +86-10-62555127, e-mail: and
Shi Han, Centre for Environmentally Friendly Sound Technology Transfer (CESTT), 109 Wanquanhe Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100089, China, tel. +86-10-82636607/fax +86-10-82636017, e-mail:
Paul Schoonackers and Marjan Kreijns, International Institute for Aerospace Survey and Earth Sciences (ITC), P.O. Box 6, 7500 AA, Enschede, The Netherlands, tel. +31-53-4874444/fax +31-53-4874400, e-mail: and
Ogenis Brilhante, Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies (IHS), P.O. Box 1935, 3000 BX, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, tel. +31-10-4021523/fax +31-10-4045671, e-mail:
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